Acyclovir Topical (Zovirax)

Acyclovir topical is an antiviral drug used in the treatment of skin disease. This disease is caused by herpes simplex virus. It does not cure the disease or prevents it but it helps in slow down the growth and spread of the disease or lessens the symptoms. Once the action is slow down, the body can fight against the infection. Herpes can cause cold sores (red, fluid filled blisters) and genital herpes. Cold sores can be seen mostly near mouth or on other areas of face. It can also be rarely seen on other parts of the body like fingers, nose or inside the mouth. both are contagious. It can be transmitted from one person to another and can last for 15 days or longer.
It stays in nerve tissues. It does not produce any symptoms when it is “asleep” it can affect skin surface, lip and other area by causing blister when it is “awake”.
Types of Herpes
There are two types as follows:
  1. Herpes simplex type 1 virus – this cause cold sores – oral herpes.
  2. Herpes simplex 2 virus – mainly cause genital herpes.
Stages of herpes infection
  1. The tingle stage (Prodrome stage – day 1 & 2) – these are 1st indications. One can face burning, stinging, itching, soreness, tautness or swelling in the affected area.
  2. The blister stage (day 2 & 3) – One can see formation of multiple fluid filled blisters
  3. The weeping stage (Ulcer stage – day 4) – The blister ruptures and fluid with herpes virions are released and sore transforms into ulcer.
  4. The crusting stage (day 5 to 8) – the scabbing takes place where the infected skin is not moist.
  5. The final healing stage (day 9 to 12) – One can see the sore starts healing as the time passes on.

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